Fuels

Petroleum coke, or petcoke, is a byproduct from the refining of crude oil. It consists mostly of carbon

Petroleum Coke

Petroleum coke is a byproduct of the oil refining process. As refineries worldwide seek to operate more efficiently and extract more gasoline and other high value fuels from each barrel of crude oil, a solid carbon material known as petcoke is produced.

The chemical and physical characteristics of petcoke are a function of the crude oil and refining technology used by the refinery. Petcoke can be hard or relatively soft. Physically, petcoke can resemble large sponges with numerous pores, or it can resemble small spheres, ranging in size from a grain of sand to a large marble. Chemically, petcoke can include a variety of elements and metals in a wide range of concentrations. Depending on these physical and chemical characteristics, petcoke is typically used in either an energy application, as a source of British Thermal Units (BTUs) or in an industrial application, as a source of carbon.

Petroleum Coke

Green Petroleum Coke

Petroleum Coke

Petroleum coke, or petcoke, is a byproduct of the refining of crude oil. It consists mostly of carbon, with variable amounts of sulphurs and heavy metals. It has many industrial uses, including the production of batteries, steel, and aluminum. Lower grade petcoke, which contains higher concentrations of sulphur, is used as fuel in coal-fired power plants and cement kilns. Lower grade coal is estimated to represent 75% to 80% of all petcoke produced.

The production of petcoke in North America has increased in recent years due to the refining of crude oil originating from Canada’s tar sands region. If all the recoverable bitumen (the “proven reserves”) from tar sands was removed and refined, several billion tons of petcoke could be produced. When operating at capacity, large U.S. refineries can produce 4,000 to over 7,000 tons of petcoke per day. In 2012 the United States exported 184 million barrels (33 million metric tons) of petcoke, predominantly to China. A lot of petcoke is also produced in Canada, in close proximity to the tar sands, where bitumen is upgraded into synthetic crude oil or syncrude.

We are specifically providing the low sulphur petcoke for Indian cement industry which we call Green Petcoke which has got very less amount of pollution.

Read More--

MetCoke

Coke is made by destructive distillation of a blend of selected Bituminous coals (called Coking coal or Metallurgical coal) in special high temperature ovens in the absence of oxygen until a greater part of the volatile matter is driven off. The resulting product, COKE, consists principally of Carbon.Coke is primarily used to smelt iron ore and other bearing materials in blast furnaces, acting both as a source of heat and as a chemical reducing agent to produce pig iron or hot metal. Coke, iron-ore and limestone are fed into blast furnace, which runs continuously.

MetCoke

LNG

LNG

LNG is the acronym for liquefied natural gas, that has been made over millions of years of transformation of organic materials, such as plankton and algae. Natural gas is 95% methane, which is actually the cleanest fossil fuel. The combustion of natural gas primarily emits water vapour and small amounts of carbon dioxide (CO2). This property means that associated CO2 emissions are 30 to 50% lower than those produced by other combustible fuels.

Read Specification ---

LPG

LPG stands for “Liquefied Petroleum Gas”. The term is widely used to describe two prominent members of a family of light hydrocarbons called “Natural Gas Liquids” (NGLs): propane (C3H8) and butane (C4H10).
The term “liquefied gas” may seem a contradiction in terms since all things in nature are either a liquid or a solid or a gas. Yet, liquidity is the unique character of LPG that makes it such a popular and widely used fuel. At normal temperature and pressure, LPG is gaseous. It changes to a liquid when subjected to modest pressure or cooling. In liquid form the tank pressure is about twice the pressure in a normal truck tyre, which means it is very safe when properly handled. LPG is a derivative of two large energy industries: the processing of natural gas liquids and the refining of crude oil.

Read Specification ---
LPG

Aviation Fuel

Aviation Fuel

Aviation fuel is a specialized type of petroleum-based fuel used to power aircraft. It is generally of a higher quality than fuels used in less critical applications, such as heating or road transport, and often contains additives to reduce the risk of icing or explosion due to high temperature, among other properties.

Jet Fuel

Jet fuels, or turbine fuels, are one of the primary fuels for internal combustion engines worldwide and are the most widely available aviation fuel. “JP” stands for “jet propulsion” The classification jet fuel is applied to fuels meeting the required properties for use in jet engines and aircraft turbine engines.

JP54 powers gas turbine aircraft engines. Jet A and A-1 have specifications that can be used in fuel worldwide. Jet B is used in cold weather elements. Commonly a number of different mixtures make up jet fuel and this relates to flash points and how the carbon numbers are distributed.

Read Specification ---
Read Specification for Type 1 ---
Jet Fuel

Steam Coal

Steam Coal

Geological processes and decaying organic matter create coal over thousands of years. It's mined from underground formations or "seams," through underground tunnels, or by removing large areas of the earth's surface. The excavated coal must be cleaned, washed, and processed to prepare it for commercial use.

Steam coal, also known as thermal coal, is suitable for electric power production.Steam coal is ground into a fine powder that burns quickly at high heats and is used in power plants to heat water in boilers that run steam turbines. It also may be used to provide space heating for homes and businesses.All types of coal contain fixed carbon, which provides stored energy and varying amounts of moisture, ash, volatile matter, mercury and sulfur. Because the physical properties and coal quality vary widely, coal-fired power plants must be engineered to accommodate the specific properties of available feedstock and to reduce emissions of pollutants such as sulfur, mercury, and dioxins.

Anthracite Coal

Anthracite, often referred to as hard coal, is a hard, compact variety of coal that has a submetallic luster. It has the highest carbon content, the fewest impurities, and the highest energy density of all types of coal and is the highest ranking of coal.

Anthracite is the most metamorphosed type of coal (but still represents low-grade metamorphism), in which the carbon content is between 92% and 98%The term is applied to those varieties of coal which do not give off tarry or other hydrocarbon vapours when heated below their point of ignition Anthracite ignites with difficulty and burns with a short, blue, and smokeless flame.


Anthracite is categorized into standard grade, which is used mainly in power generation, and high grade (HG) and ultra high grade (UHG), the principal uses of which are in the metallurgy sector. Anthracite accounts for about 1% of global coal reserves and is mined in only a few countries around the world. China accounts for the majority of global production; other producers are Russia, Ukraine, North Korea, South Africa, Vietnam, the UK, Australia, Canada and the US

Anthracite Coal

RB1, RB2, RB3 Quality Steam Coal

Steam Coal

Coal delivered from the export terminals, Richards Bay in South Africa and Maputo in Mozambique, will normally be a typical RB1 and RB3 quality. Contracts can be traded on fixed price or on an index-linked basis.

 

RB1

RB3

CALORIFIC VALUE BASIS

6,000 kcal/kg NCV

5,500 kcal/kg NCV

CALORIFIC VALUE MIN

5,850 kcal/kg NCV

5,300 kcal/kg NCV

TOTAL MOISTURE (ARB)

12,0% max

14,0% max

VOLATILE MATTER (ARB)

22,0% min

22,0% max

ASH (ARB)

15.0% max

23.0% max

SULPHUR (ARB)

1,0% max

1,0% max

HGI

45-70

45-70

NOMINAL TOPSIZE

50mm

50mm

IDT (Reducing Atmosphere)

Min 1,250° C

Min 1,250° C

CARLIUM OXIDE IN ASH (DB)

12.0% max

12.0% max

Diesel

Diesel fuel in general is any liquid fuel used in diesel engines, whose fuel ignition takes place, without any spark, as a result of compression of the inlet air mixture and then injection of fuel. (Glow plugs, grid heaters and block heaters help achieve high temperatures for combustion during engine startup in cold weather.) Diesel engines have found broad use as a result of higher thermodynamic efficiency and thus fuel efficiency. This is particularly noted where diesel engines are run at part-load; as their air supply is not throttled as in a petrol engine, their efficiency still remains very high.

Read Specification ---
Diesel
Top